Different cancer treatments come with different possible benefits, risks and side effects. Blood cancer takes places when there is a wrong development of blood cells in the blood. It is essentially a set of malignancies that wreaks havoc with the patient’s health and well being and stops them from working properly, often leading to fatality. However, the good news is that the treatment for blood cancer is now readily available and evolving rapidly. While some slow-growing blood cancers can be managed by just taking daily medication, but people with faster-growing acute blood cancers may need stronger (intensive) treatments.The treatment for blood cancer that your doctors recommend will depend on the type of blood cancer you have, your health, and your wishes. You might have just one type of treatment or a number of them orin some cases some people may never need treatment, or will choose not to have treatment.
The cause of blood cancer is yet not discovered but there are several causes of blood cancer. Like every other cancer, blood cancer too may affect the most unsuspecting of hosts, either at very slow speed just or rapidly. Some of the very common and general symptoms of blood cancer may include weakness, weight loss Fatigue, Bleeding gums, infections or rashes, and easy bruising. People might also experience intense pain in their joints and bones, experience nausea, and find blood in their urine or stool. There may also be shortness of breath, a pale complexion, mouth ulcers, and swollen lymph nodes. If someone does experience some of these or more of these symptoms, it is advisable to consult a reputed doctor at the earliest and take a test to find out if they are suffering from cancer.
There are several options of treatment for blood cancer stronger treatments can be hard on your body and aren’t suitable – or needed – for everyone. Some people may get more benefit from gentler (less intensive) treatment that supports them to have the best possible quality of life, even if it doesn’t cure their blood cancer. Blood cancer is broadly categorized into three kinds – leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma having different blood cancer stages. Treatment for curing blood cancer depends on the type of cancer, age, how fast the cancer is progressing, where cancer has spread and other factors.
Before the treatment your doctor will recommend a few tests to determine the stage of cancer as people have blood cancer in a variety of ways. You doctor will recommend blood tests to get more information, before being sent to hospital for further tests. Some people are also advised a routine blood test.
Stem cell transplantation
This type of blood cancer treatment have high doses of chemotherapy to kill the abnormal cells in your bone marrow or lymph nodes, then receivinghealthy blood-forming stem cells through a needle in your vein which will later form new blood cells that are infused into the patient’s body. The aim is for these new stem cells isto start makinghealthy blood cells. The blood-forming stem cells that are used in transplants are either taken from another individual, either from their bone marrow, or from the peripheral regions, or even from the blood of the umbilical cord.
Chemotherapy is a non-intensive treatmentthat is usually gentler and causes fewer side effects. In most cases this treatment won’t cure the cancer but they may help to keep you in remission or manage your symptoms for a good length of time. This treatment uses anticancer orcell-killing drugs designed to interfere with and halt the growth of cancer cells in the body that helps to fight cancer in the body. The aim of chemotherapy is killing cancerous cells and to stop the rapid growth of the cancer cells in the patient’s body. This type of treatment for blood cancer may be given before or after stem cell transplants, and may use a set of several drugs, and takes a toll on the body.
This type of treatment may be used to destroy cancer cells or to relieve pain or discomfort. It may also be given before a stem cell transplant that destroys the cancer cells through the use of high-energy radiation that helps to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy uses high energy X-rays or other particles from an external machine to kill cancerous cells and shrink tumors.
The aim of most of the blood cancer treatments but not all – is to achieve remission which means that the cancer cells in your body have gone. Once your treatment is over, your healthcare team will do more tests, similar to the ones you had when you were diagnosed to check if there are any cancer cell left in the blood.
The risk and complications of blood cancer may vary in each case. Different people have different responses to their respective treatment.