Kidney Transplant - Overview

When you have kidney failure, also known as end-stage renal disease (ESRD), you either need dialysis or a kidney transplant to live. For people facing kidney failure, kidney transplant is considered to be the best treatment option because it can increase your chances of living a longer, healthier life. It is done when the kidneys stop working, renal failure occurs. Having a kidney transplant can be a life-changing opportunity for the people with kidney failure. You may need to get transplantation when your kidneys are close to failure, before you need to start dialysis. Dialysis or transplantation is required in such cases. Kidneys for transplantation come from two types of Donor:

The Living Donor: – A living donor in India must be a family member or blood relative willing to give a kidney to the patient in needs. That person is called a “living donor”.

Deceased Donor: – One can also get a kidney from a deceased donor who has recently passed on or who has suffered brain death. In this families need to provide permission as well. Once the permission for donation is granted, the kidneys are removed and stored until a recipient has been selected.

Here at India medical center, we offer access to the best kidney transplant surgeons in India. You can connect with them to understand all the medical and legal aspects of visiting India for an organ transplant.

Kidney Transplant - Symptoms

Renal disease i.e. the end stage is the most common symptom for kidney transplantation. Despite the primary cause of this disease, a patient is considered to have arrived at this stage when the glomerular filtration rage is less than 15ml/min/1.73 sq.m. Common causes of ESRD include –

  • Malignant hypertension
  • Diabetes
  • Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis
  • Polycystic kidney disease
  • Inborn errors of metabolism
  • Lupus

Kidney Transplant - Pre-Procedure

In India, before you undergo the procedure for kidney transplant, the doctors will ask you to get a few tests done to assess how well the donor’s kidney matches your blood and tissue type. It’s not easy that the body easily accepts the new organ but making sure that you have a close tissue match helps to improve the chances of your body accepting the new organ.

One need to undergo a several tests that ensure your heart and lungs are free of diseases and there is no significant risk of other diseases like cancers and other conditions that reduce your lifespan.

Kidney Transplant - During Procedure

The procedure of kidney transplant usually takes about 3 to 4 hours to end. The procedure starts by placing the donor kidney in patient’s lower abdomen and then the blood vessels from the donor’s kidney will be connected to the veins and arteries in patient’s body. Furthermore, the donor kidney’s ureter will also be connected to patient’s bladder. This procedure helps the blood to flow through the new kidney, allowing it to start doing its job of filtering and removing waste as well as to produce urine.

It doesn’t take a lot of time for the new kidney to start functioning; it will typically begin to function right away. The Damaged or the diseased kidney is not removed unless there is a risk of or a pre-existing infection in most cases. If you have kidney cancer the organ may also be removed, very large polycystic kidneys or nephrotic syndrome.

Kidney Transplant - Post-Procedure

Once your procedure for kidney transplant is successful, the patient will have to spend several days in the hospital. Following are the things that one can expect during these days –

  • The patient may have to undergo dialysis and consume diuretics to help the body get rid of excess water and salt in cases, it takes some time for the new kidney to start producing urine.
  • To suppress the immune system the patient will also be asked to take medicines which helps to avoid rejection of the new kidney. You need to take these medicines all your life than on.
  • Your body may try to reject the new kidney during the initial weeks or months of the surgery. This can be seen only in a few cases less than 20% of transplant cases experience such acute rejections. You can take Antirejection medicine to treat this.
  • Progressive loss of kidney function or chronic rejection/ chronic allograft failure may take several months or even years to cure. There is no treatment for this outcome of your transplant while there is little understanding of the causes of such rejection.

Kidney Transplant - Risk & Complications

Following are few risks associated with kidney transplant:

  • Reaction to the anesthesia used in the surgery
  • Failure of the donor’s kidney
  • Bleeding
  • Rejection of the new organ
  • Severe infection

The cost of a kidney transplant in India would be approx $14,000 – $ 16,000 and duration will be 10-14 days. The cost of the treatment depends on the nature of the procedure that will be carried out as well as the availability of the donor.
The best hospitals in India for the treatment kidney transplantation will offer you all the guidance and care required to navigate through the legal and medical requirements of this procedure. In most of the cases, experts recommend a transplant over dialysis because of the enhanced survival rate. Lately, this procedure is more expensive; over the years it proves to be less expensive than long-term dialysis treatments.
Contact us at India medical center to plan your trip to India and improve your chances of a healthy future!

Kidney Transplant - Doctors

  • Dr. Sanjay Gagoi

    Dr. Sanjay Gagoi

    Director , DNB, MCh, MS, MBBS

    Urologist and Renal Transplant Specialist

    18 Years of Experience

  • Dr. Harsha Jauhari

    Dr. Harsha Jauhari

    MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Fellowship Senior Consultant

    Renal Transplant

    43 Years of Experience

  • Dr. Anant Kumar

    Dr. Anant Kumar

    Chairman , DNB, MCh, MS, MBBS

    Urologist

    30 Years of Experience

  • Dr. Rakesh Khera

    Dr. Rakesh Khera

    Director Urology and Andrology, Kidney and Urology Institute

    Urologic Cancer Surgery

  • Dr. Vijay Kher

    Dr. Vijay Kher

    MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Nephrology, MNAMS – Nephrology

    Nephrologist/Renal Specialist

    29 Years Experience

  • Dr. Amit K. Devra

    Dr. Amit K. Devra

    Senior Consultant , MBBS, MS, DNB

    Urologist

    16 years of experience

  • Dr. Prasun Ghosh

    Dr. Prasun Ghosh

    Associate Director , DNB, MS, MBBS

    Urologist and Andrologist

    22 Years of Experience

  • Dr. P B Sivaraman

    Dr. P B Sivaraman

    Director, MBBS, MS, MCh

    Urologist, Urological Surgeon

    47 Years Experience Overall

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