Liver Transplant - Overview

A liver transplant is a surgical procedure is performed when a part of the liver has been infected. It is attributed to the uncharacteristic rise in cell reproduction also called Liver cancer.  In this surgery the surgeon removes a liver that no longer functions properly (liver failure) and replaces it with a healthy liver from a living or deceased donor. Like other cancer treatments, Liver cancer treatment also depends on the stage of the condition. In this case, most of the top hospitals in the India remove just the part that needs attention and use multidisciplinary teams (MDTs). If the whole liver is infected, only then the Liver transplant treatment is done. This treatment done by replacing a donor’s liver to the patient. Liver cancer treatment is done in the cases when the family has a history of liver cancer, excessive consumption of alcohol and smoking, diabetes, liver disease, low immunity etc. are known.

Liver Transplant - Symptoms

There are no detectable signs in the early stages of primary Liver cancer. Liver cancer treatment starts once a person has fallen sick critically owing to liver damage resulting in transplantation of Liver. The typical signs and symptoms of liver cancer may include the following-

  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Yellowing of the skin, eyes, and tongue commonly known as Jaundice it is one of the most common indications that implies Liver cancer.
  • Abdominal pain
  • Sudden loss of weight
  • Swollen abdomen due to enlarging of liver
  • Vomiting sensation
  • Having fever constantly is a usual sign that one shouldn’t ignore

These symptoms are known as nonspecific symptoms, as other chronic disorders may trigger similar effects. These symptoms remain inactive in the early stages and when they surface, the disease becomes virtually uncontrollable.

Liver Transplant - Pre-Procedure

If your doctor recommends a liver transplant, your doctor advices a few tests of blood, urine, and heart, etc before the transplant. Once you are done with all the tests the doctor will review the reports and recommend you the treatment Liver transplant. If you’re suitable for a liver transplant and once the good news of donor’s availability is confirmed, you’ll normally need to be placed on a waiting list until a donor’s liver becomes available. Once the patient and donor’s liver matches, the transplantation will start. The standard waiting time for a liver transplant is 142 days for adults, then the specialist doctors sit with the family of the patients to explain the entire process and the risk involved. A written agreement is signed. After completion of all the formalities, the patient is kept on “Nil by Mouth” diet which means the patient only intakes fluid with the use of IV drip.

Liver Transplant - During Procedure

The transplantation includes a team of the best liver hospital in India that includes a hematologist, an anesthesiologist and paramedical support. It takes around 6 hours to 12 hours to complete the process. Once all the monitoring devices are placed and anesthesia is given to the patient, a tube connected to a ventilator is inserted into the lungs. As the final part i.e. removal of the bile duct; the liver that needs a transplant is replaced with the donor’s liver.

Liver Transplant - Post-Procedure

Liver transplant treatment is usually very successful. Once surgery is completed, the patient is kept under observation to check if the blood pressure, the pulse rate, sugar level, body temperature etc. is normal. It takes about 10 to 15 days to recover only after which, the patient is allowed to leave. It’s a long process of recovering from liver transplantation, but most people will eventually be able to return to most of their normal activities and have a good quality of life

Liver Transplant - Risk & Complications

Post liver transplant or liver surgery, there are several risks and complications associated that involve the symptoms your body attacking the new liver (rejection) the new liver not working properly, there is a blockage or leak in one of your bile. It’s not an easy surgery yet the positive side is the success rate has been high; however one should be ready for the outcome which can be both.

More Info

For a Liver transplant surgery in India an individual generally spends about 8 to 10 days in the hospital after a liver transplant, depending on the recovery. Once the patient is recovered he/she is asked to take several medications by the liver transplant doctors in India. Liver transplant or liver surgery involves risks too but the positive side is the success rate is high, however one should be ready for the outcome which can be both. Liver Transplant cost in India is approx $8000 -$12000 Duration : 14-21 Days

Liver Transplant - Doctors

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